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When the Second Amendment's plain text covers conduct, it is presumptively protected. STEPHEN HALBROOK @ Volokh Conspiracy


Active member
Nov 21, 2018
Washington Island, WISCONSIN. Out in Lake Michigan
Fortunately, the plain text analysis is not difficult because the Supreme Court has already defined the key terms of the guarantee that "the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed." Here are some of those definitions:

  • "The people" facially means "all Americans." District of Columbia v. Heller (2008).
  • "Arms" facially means "all instruments that constitute bearable arms."
  • "Keep Arms" facially means "have weapons." Heller.
  • "Shall not be infringed" facially means that the right conferred by the Second Amendment is an "unqualified command." Bruen.

Firearms Iinstuctor

Regular Member
Jul 12, 2011
northern wis
Well it must be a lot more difficult then we think should be.

Because a lot of judges are still using the old standards to issue opinions.

When one has people who don't believe in their oath of office that the constitution is a living document.

To them the end Justifies the means.